Compiling Dovecot From Sources
For most people it's enough to do:
./configure make sudo make install
That installs Dovecot under the /usr/local directory. The configuration file is in /usr/local/etc/dovecot.conf. Logging goes to syslog's mail facility by default, which typically goes to /var/log/mail.log or something similar. If you're in a hurry, you can then jump to QuickConfiguration.
If you have installed some libraries into locations which require special include or library paths, you can give them in the CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS environment variables. For example:
CPPFLAGS=-I/opt/openssl/include LDFLAGS=-L/opt/openssl/lib ./configure
If you got Dovecot from CVS, you'll first need to run ./autogen.sh to generate the configure script. This also requires that you have the pkg-config package installed (/usr/share/aclocal/pkg.m4 file is needed).
Dovecot initially was built to support both OpenSSL and GNUTLS. GNUTLS however had some problems and nowadays it doesn't work anymore. Patches to fix it are welcome.
OpenSSL is used by default now, and it should be automatically detected. If it's not, you're missing some header files or libraries, or they're just in a nonstandard path. Make sure you have the openssl-dev or a similar package installed, and if it's not in the standard location set CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS as shown in the first section above.
By default the SSL certificate is read from /etc/ssl/certs/dovecot.pem and the private key from /etc/ssl/private/dovecot.pem. The /etc/ssl directory can be changed using --with-ssldir=DIR configure option. Both can of course be overridden from the configuration file.
Note that current inotify is in the kernel since 2.6.13-rc3 and it's preferred over dnotify. If your distribution does not have the required header file, get them from the inotify maintainer:
cd /usr/include/sys curl ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/rml/inotify/headers/inotify.h -O curl ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/rml/inotify/headers/inotify-syscalls.h >> inotify.h
Optional Configure Options
--help gives a full list of available options.
Options are usually listed as --with-something or --enable-something. If you want to disable them, do it as --without-something or --disable-something. There are many default options that come from autoconf, automake or libtool. They are explained elsewhere.
Here's a list of options that Dovecot adds. You shouldn't usually have to change these, but they're described here just for completeness:
--enable-ipv6 Enable IPv6 support. This is enabled by default if the system is detected to support it.
--enable-debug Enables some extra checks for debugging. This is mostly useful for developers. It does quite a lot of unnecessary work but should catch some programming mistakes more quickly.
--enable-asserts Enable assertion checks, enabled by default. Disabling them may slightly save some CPU, but if there are bugs they can cause more problems since they aren't detected as early.
--with-file-offset-size=BITS Specifies if we use 32bit or 64bit file offsets. 64bit is the default if the system supports it (Linux and Solaris do). Dropping this to 32bit may save some memory, but it prevents accessing any file larger than 2GB.
--with-mem-align=BYTES Specifies memory alignment used for memory allocations. It's needed with many non-x86 systems and doing it should speed up x86 systems too. Default is 8 to make sure 64bit memory accessing works.
--with-ioloop=IOLOOP Specifies what I/O loop method to use. Possibilities are select, poll and epoll. Default is to use poll if possible and fallback to select. epoll is faster than either of them, but it works only only on Linux 2.6 kernels.
--with-notify=NOTIFY Specifies what file system notification method to use. Possibilities are dnotify, inotify (both on Linux), kqueue (FreeBSD) and none. Default is to use dnotify if it is compilable, otherwise none. See Notify method above for more information.
--with-pop3d Build POP3 server binary as well as IMAP server (default). It still has to be separately enabled from the configuration file before it's actually used.
--with-storages=FORMATS Specifies what mailbox formats to support. Default is maildir,mbox.
Authentication Backend Options
The basic backends are built if the system is detected to support them:
--with-passwd Build with /etc/passwd support (default) --with-passwd-file Build with passwd-like file support (default) --with-shadow Build with shadow password support (default) --with-pam Build with PAM support (default) --with-checkpassword Build with checkpassword support (default) --with-bsdauth Build with BSD authentication support (default) --with-static-userdb Build with static userdb support (default) --with-vpopmail Build with vpopmail support (default)
Some backends require extra libraries and aren't necessarily wanted, so they're built only if specifically enabled:
--with-ldap Build with LDAP support --with-pgsql Build with PostgreSQL support --with-mysql Build with MySQL support
Dynamic Authentication Modules
Dovecot can also dynamically load authentication modules from the $prefix/lib/dovecot/auth/ directory. Binary packages builders should use them for authentication modules which require external libraries (eg. LDAP and vpopmail). There's no standard way to build them as modules currently, but something like this should work:
gcc -shared -fPIC -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DUSERDB_LDAP -DPASSDB_LDAP \ -I../.. -I../lib -I../lib-settings \ db-ldap.c userdb-ldap.c passdb-ldap.c -o ldap.so \ ../lib-settings/libsettings.a -lldap gcc -shared -fPIC -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DUSERDB_PGSQL -DPASSDB_PGSQL \ -I../.. -I../lib -I../lib-settings -I/usr/include/postgresql \ db-pgsql.c userdb-pgsql.c passdb-pgsql.c -o pgsql.so \ ../lib-settings/libsettings.a -L/usr/lib/postgresql -lpq gcc -shared -fPIC -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DUSERDB_VPOPMAIL -DPASSDB_VPOPMAIL \ -I../.. -I../lib userdb-vpopmail.c passdb-vpopmail.c -o vpopmail.so \ -lvpopmail
Including libsettings.a in ldap.so and pgsql.so is kind of annoying, but it's not needed elsewhere in dovecot-auth.
Dynamic IMAP and POP3 Modules
If imap_use_modules or pop3_use_modules is set to yes, Dovecot will load all *.so modules from the directory pointed to by the mail_modules setting. These modules can do anything, they're only expected to contain <module name>_init and <module name>_deinit functions which are called.