This documentation is for Dovecot v1.x, see wiki2 for v2.x documentation.

Running Dovecot

Starting

Dovecot can simply be started by running dovecot as root.

If you wish to, you can also [wiki:InetdInstall start Dovecot from inetd or xinetd], but don't try that before you know the Dovecot installation is actually working.

FIXME: Point to example /etc/init.d/ scripts.

Processes

When Dovecot is running, it uses several processes:

# ps auxw|grep "dovecot\|imap\|pop3"
root     25992  0.0  0.1   3512  1248 ?        Ss   Jan02   2:49 dovecot
nobody   25993  0.0  0.1   6260  1920 ?        S    Jan02   0:10 dovecot-auth
nobody   27570  0.0  0.1   6264  1928 ?        S    22:45   0:00 dovecot-auth -w
dovecot  25994  0.0  0.1   3276  1440 ?        S    Jan02   0:19 pop3-login
dovecot  16809  0.0  0.1   3284  1444 ?        S    04:23   0:03 imap-login
user     27572  0.0  0.0   2156   740 ?        S    22:45   0:00 imap
user     27734  0.0  0.0   2096   948 ?        S    22:51   0:00 pop3

Reloading Configuration

Send HUP signal to dovecot process. An acknowledgement is written to log file:

dovecot: Jan 08 00:36:45 Warning: SIGHUP received - reloading configuration

Rotating Log Files

If you specified log file paths manually in dovecot.conf instead of using syslog, you can send USR1 signal to Dovecot to make it close and reopen the log files.

Troubleshooting

If you can't see the Dovecot processes running after starting dovecot, something is most likely wrong in your dovecot.conf. Look at the error from Dovecot's log file. See [wiki:Logging Logging] for how to find the log.

If you really can't find any error messages from any logs, try starting Dovecot with dovecot -F. If you see it crash like:

sh: segmentation fault (core dumped)  dovecot -F

Then it's a bug in Dovecot. Please report it with your configuration file.

If it simply quits without giving any error, then it wrote the error to a log file and you just didn't find it. Try specifying the log file manually and make sure you're really looking at the correct file.